HE the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Somalia Amb. Ahmed Isse Awad met with his counterparts from Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Djibouti, South Sudan and Uganda to accept and vote for the candidate, HE Dr. Abdusalam Hadliye Omer, former Minister of Foreign Affairs.
The foreign minister and international cooperation of the Federal Republic of Somalia met with his counterparts in Addis Ababa on the sidelines of the 32nd ordinary session of the Executive Council’s Meeting of the AU.
Although Somalia is a founding member of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), officially announces its candidature and competes for the first time in the Executive Secretary of IGAD, which was founded on the idea of some heads of state of the Horn of Africa, including the former military president of the Somali Democratic Republic, General Mohamed Siad Barre.
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa was created in 1996 to supersede the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986. The recurring and severe droughts and other natural disasters between 1974 and 1984 caused widespread famine, ecological degradation and economic hardship in the Eastern Africa region. Although individual countries made substantial efforts to cope with the situation and received generous support from the international community, the magnitude and extent of the problem argued strongly for a regional approach to supplement national efforts.
In 1983 and 1984, six countries in the Horn of Africa – Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda – took action through the United Nations to establish an intergovernmental body for development and drought control in their region. The Assembly of Heads of State and Government met in Djibouti in January 1986 to sign the Agreement which officially launched IGADD with Headquarters in Djibouti. The State of Eritrea became the seventh member after attaining independence in 1993.
In April 1995 in Addis Ababa, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government made a Declaration to revitalise IGADD and expand cooperation among member states. On 21 March 1996 in Nairobi the Assembly of Heads of State and Government signed ‘Letter of Instrument to Amend the IGADD Charter / Agreement” establishing the revitalised IGAD with a new name ” The Intergovernmental Authority on Development”. The Revitalised IGAD, with expanded areas of regional cooperation and a new organisational structure, was launched by the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government on 25 November 1996 in Djibouti, the Republic of Djibouti.